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Philosophische Fakultät - Jahrgang 2008

 

Titel

Bangladeshi Diaspora in Peninsular Malaysia

Autor

Nayeem Sultana

Publikationsform

Dissertation

Abstract

Like other diasporas, international labour migration as well as the adoption of transnational activities is very common for Bangladeshi migrants at this present age of globalization. Regarding their causes for migration though there prevail wide ranges of variations, a general migration of Bangladeshis outside the state border (in order to pursue better future through economic and cultural mobility) is noticed as reality in the current study. In the case of Peninsular Malaysia, which was one of the fields of this study (the other one being the home country of the migrants) the studied people were found engaged in various forms of transnational activities. In order to adapt to the host country and find a way for higher socio-economic and cultural mobility Bangladeshi migrants initiate diverse forms of survival strategies in the transnational hubs of origin and receiving countries, where their modes of coping strategies are regulated by their multi-dimensional and varying forms of embeddedness. Therefore, current study is an initiative to explore the organizational structure, modes of networking and the survival strategies of Bangladeshi migrants in Peninsular Malaysia, who go there as temporary migrant workers and attempt to integrate into the host country. In doing this their embedded realities were also taken into consideration. The said realities were found as the regulators of their coping strategies and hence were focused upon during field research.
In this context the formation of the Bangladeshi Diaspora, their organizational structures and settlement practices in the multi-cultural social setting of the host country is analyzed and presented in this dissertation. In fact, if there are strict rules to control the assimilation of migrants (especially un-skilled and semi-skilled workers), how do Bangladeshi migrants manage ways of settling down there at this age of globalization? And is it possible to maintain only co-ethnic networks and the authentic cultures? These and other questions are explored in this study through an interview-survey and intensive ethnographic fieldwork.
On the basis of information on how inter and intra-ethnic networking enable migrant Bangladeshis to find ways of settlement and survival and also on the formation of the hybrid transnational identity and culture within the migrants and their newly developed “strong and weak ties”, I investigate the facts during the field research and later present them in the different chapters of this dissertation. In fact, seeing the very diverse social reality, differentiations and power dimensions within the community as well as the hybridization of the Bangladeshi Diaspora (that) resulted along the lines of economic and cultural mobility we may encounter some questions as, (1) how relevant are these for the existence of multiple diasporas within the community? (2) Does economic and cultural mobility through migration support the notions of “disembedding” (Giddens 1991) activities? We will come to these points in the next sections of this study that may facilitate our understanding of the organizational structure of the Bangladeshi Diaspora and their survival strategies at this era of globalization.

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© Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn | Veröffentlicht: 2008