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Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät - Jahrgang 2004


Titel Gas Around Active Galactic Nuclei and New Phase Calibration Strategies for High-Frequency VLBI
Autor Enno Middelberg
Publikationsform Dissertation
Abstract We have a project to measure magnetic fields in the obscuring tori of AGNs. We observed five free-free absorbed jets in radio galaxies with polarimetric VLBI at 15 GHz to determine Faraday rotation measures. Surprisingly, all sources are unpolarized, putting severe constraints on the degree of magnetic field turbulence and the gas distribution in these objects. We have further carried out multi-frequency VLBI monitoring of the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 3079 and find unusually steep and inverted spectra in the radio components, and derive general properties of Seyfert galaxies using published VLBI observations of Seyfert galaxies.
We have developed a new phase-referencing technique for high frequency VLBI observations with the VLBA. Instead of inserting short scans on a calibrator into the target source observations, the target source is continuously observed while rapidly switching between the target frequency and a lower reference frequency. We demonstrate that the technique allows phase calibration almost reaching the thermal noise limit and present the first detection of the AGN in NGC 4261 at 86 GHz. This is the weakest source ever detected with VLBI at that frequency.
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© Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn | Veröffentlicht: 2004